Vulvar vestibulitis is a condition of inflammation, redness, and pain at the opening of the vagina. Overly sensitive nerves and pain receptors can be caused by childbirth, yeast infections, and musculoskeletal problems. Some women who have vulvar vestibulitis also suffer from conditions such as interstitial cystitis, fibromyalgia, and irritable bowel syndrome.
Vulvodynia is a condition involving pain in the vulvar area which includes the labia, clitoris, the opening to the vagina, and the area between the vagina and the anus. Sexual intercourse and exercise can increase the feelings of pain, burning, itching, and stinging. Physical therapy and biofeedback can treat both vulvar vestibulitis and vulvodynia by helping the patient to strengthen and relax the pelvic muscles and ease spasms.